What is the dressed weight difference. The neutrophil count is high at all ages. The black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands. [2], Where it lives alongside the blue wildebeest, the two species can hybridise, and this is regarded as a potential threat to the maintenance of the species. Keith Warren 229,320 views. Males are darker than females. Live Weight: 200kg Carcass Weight: 95-100kg Bone: 20-25kg Usable Meat: 80kg: Bush Pig: Male. Threat displays such as shaking the head may also take place. The average weight of black wildebeest ranges between 110-180 kg (240-400 lbs) and the average head-body length is between 170-220 (67-87 inches). ... meat. Black Wildebeest, Hartebeest, and Gemsbok Hunting - "Beest Mode" - Duration: 21:31. They also moved from north to south as the sourgrass found north of the Vaal River matured and became unpalatable, the wildebeest only consuming young shoots of sourgrass. By the end of the fourth week, the four incisors have fully emerged and about the same time, two knob-like structures, the horn buds, appear on the head. Live Weight: 70-75kg Carcass Weight: 35-38kg Bone: 5-8kg Usable Meat: 30kg. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! The calf remains with its mother until her next calf is born a year later. National Geographic magazine placed a camera inside a wildebeest carcass on the Serengeti. [1], In a study of the feeding activities of a number of female black wildebeest living in a shadeless habitat, they fed mostly at night. However, as a result of massive hunting of the animal for its hide, they vanished from their historical range, and are now largely limited to game farms and protected reserves in Southern Africa. [21] Ataxia related to myelopathy and low copper concentrations in the liver have also been seen in the black wildebeest. The first instar larvae of G. hässleri were found in large numbers on the dura mater of wildebeest calves, specially between June and August, and these later migrated to the nasal passages. During this ritual or afterwards, the two can toss their horns at each other, circle one another, or even look away. This is a net of 72 dressed weight with only 57 of the original live weight becoming retail cuts. Live Weight: 55-60kg Carcass Weight: 30-32kg Bone: 6-7kg Usable. Then they returned to the highvelds in the spring and moved towards the west, where sweet potato and Karoo vegetation were abundant. Wildebeest are a regular target for illegal meat hunters because their numbers make them easy to find. In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused. Black Wildebeest, Mountain Zebra National Park, South Africa, Blue wildebeests (image) are known for their migration. In females, the horns are both shorter and narrower. The meat of females is more tender than that of males, and is at its best during the autumn season. While small calves stay with their mothers, the older ones form groups of their own within the herd. [6], "Trophic ecology of two savanna grazers, blue wildebeest, "Management of hybridization in an endemic species: decision making in the face of imperfect information in the case of the black wildebeest—, "Hybrid wildebeest (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) provide further evidence for shared signatures of admixture in mammalian crania", "Black wildebeest skeletal muscle exhibits high oxidative capacity and a high proportion of type IIx fibres", "Habitat-preference in South African antelope species and its significance in natural and artificial distribution patterns", "Gammaherpesvirus carrier status of black wildebeest (, "Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. [1][11] The black wildebeest was once very numerous and was present in Southern Africa in vast herds, but by the end of the 19th century, it had nearly been hunted to extinction and fewer than 600 animals remained. Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). These are usually loose associations, and unlike the female herds, the individuals are not much attached to each other. A distinguishing feature in both sexes is the tail, which is long and similar to that of a horse. Females have two teats. [2][34], Though they are not present in their natural habitat in such large numbers today, black wildebeest were at one time the main herbivores in the ecosystem and the main prey item for large predators such as the lion. [2] An encounter between two bulls involves elaborate rituals. The black wildebeest is typically between 170–220 cm (67–87 in) in head-and-body length, and the average weight is 110–180 kg (240–400 lb). Our black wildebeest hunting opportunities are mainly in the Free State but because black wildebeest hunting can be done in many of our Provinces we are not limited to only hunting black wildebeest in one Province. Of these, the calves are targeted mainly by the hyenas, while lions attack the adults. Female. The black wildebeest is characterised by its white, long, horse-like tail. The black wildebeest is an herbivore, and almost the whole diet consists of grasses. Which one is a better tasting meat for biltong? [7] The black wildebeest lineage seems to have diverged from the blue wildebeest in the mid- to late Pleistocene, and became a distinct species around a million years ago. [2], Black wildebeest are predominantly grazers, preferring short grasses, but also feeding on other herbs and shrubs, especially when grass is scarce. The hairs which compose this are white or cream-coloured with dark tips. 125 to 145 carcass weight on average. [2][14] The head-and-body length is typically between 170 and 220 cm (67 and 87 in). [32], The gestational period lasts for about 8.5 months, after which a single calf is born. Two 70" moose on one hunt! Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. The black wild… Female. It has now been reintroduced to them and also introduced to Namibia, where it has become well established. [28] Young males are generally repelled by their mothers before the calving season starts. [15] Males typically weigh 140 to 157 kg (309 to 346 lb) and females 110 to 122 kg (243 to 269 lb). Males reach about 111 to 121 cm (44 to 48 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 106 to 116 cm (42 to 46 in). [19] The presence of fast-twitch fibres and the ability of the muscles to use large amounts of oxygen help explain the rapid running speed of the black wildebeest and its high resistance to fatigue. Black Wildebeests do not have the habit of undertaking long migrations like its larger relative Blue Wildebeests. The highest of all the African game. Live Weight: 55-65kg Carcass Weight: 28-33kg Bone: 5-7kg Usable Meat: 24kg. Blue Wildebeest, also known as brindled gnu or black bearded wildebeest, are a large, muscular species of antelope with large horns that curve in and upwards. Water is an essential requirement. 2 / 6 Black Wildebeest Conservation. Jump to … [22] Heartwater (Ehrlichia ruminantium) is a tick-borne rickettsial disease that affects the black wildebeest, and as the blue wildebeest is fatally affected by rinderpest and foot-and-mouth disease, it is also likely to be susceptible to these. [1][14], The black wildebeest is depicted on the coat of arms of the Province of Natal in South Africa. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. Cooks preparing the wild… It also has long, dark-coloured hair between its forelegs and under its belly. In favourable conditions, this distance is as little as 9 m (30 ft), but can be as large as 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in poor habitat. [13], Black wildebeest are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller in size and more slender than males. The 7mm mag or one of the .300 magnums is an even better choice. [8] This evolution is quite recent on a geologic time scale. A male Black Wildebeest usually has a darker colored coat than females. This has not always been the case, and at one time the latter was placed under a separate genus of its own, Gorgon. Black backed jackal eating dead wildebeest carcass in kgalakgadi; Group of banded mongoose eating from the carcass of a dead wildebeest in the Masai Mara in Kenya, Africa; Hyena scavenges meat from a rotting wildebeest carcass on the banks of the Mara River, Kenya, at sunrise. The Wildebeest (genus Connochaetes), also called a Gnu, is an ungulate mammal found in Southern Kenya, South Angola to north south Africa. "A Hunter's Handbook" says that slaughter percentage of 58 % for Wildebeest. This is far beyond the recorded range of the species and it has been suggested that these animals may have migrated to that region from the Karoo. This wildebeest has a great set of horns, exceeding the level required for a SCI (Bow) Bronze Medal with a score of 70 2/8". [1], More than 18,000 individuals are now believed to remain, 7,000 of which are in Namibia, outside their natural range, and where they are farmed. The average weight for a fully-grown male will typically be from 150 to 180 kg. [6], The black wildebeest is currently included in the same genus as the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus). Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. [35] The wildebeest can provide 10 times as much meat as Thomson's gazelle. The virus is transmitted from mother to calf during the gestation period or soon after birth. During the breeding season, the male loses condition as he spends little time grazing. The number of females per herd is variable, generally ranging from 14 to 32,[14] but is highest in the densest populations[2] and also increases with forage density. The silky, flowing tail of the black wildebeest is used to make fly-whisks or chowries. Then begins the fight, which may be of low intensity (consisting of interlocking the horns and pushing each other in a standing position) or high intensity (consisting of their dropping to their knees and straining against each other powerfully, trying to remain in contact while their foreheads are nearly touching the ground). Female. [1], The black wildebeest inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands in both steep mountainous regions and lower undulating hills. A single calf is usually born after a gestational period of about 8 and a half months. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. [16], The black wildebeest can maintain its body temperature within a small range in spite of large fluctuations in external temperatures. Live Weight: 250kg Carcass Weight: 120-130kg Bone: 27-30kg Usable Meat: 100kg. Female. Its historical range included South Africa, Swaziland, and Lesotho, but in the latter two countries, it was hunted to extinction in the 19th century. The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. Black Wildebeest Hunting Season: Black Wildebeest are an excellent exotic species to hunt year round! These territories are maintained throughout the year,[2] with animals usually separated by a distance around 100–400 m (330–1,310 ft), but this can vary according to the quality of the habitat. Around 80% of the wildebeest occurs in private areas, while the other 20% is confined in protected areas. Aerial view of black wildebeest running in grassland, South Africa, Black wildebeests drinking from a water hole in South Africa, Head-body length: 170-220 cm (67-87 inches), "Black wildebeests are extremely fast runners with their maximum running speed being 80 km/hr (50 mph)", "Excessive hunting of Black Wildebeests for their meat almost exterminated this animal at the end of 19th century", Disclaimer, Terms of Use & Privacy Policy. [2], The black wildebeest is a gregarious animal with a complex social structure comprising three distinct groups, the female herds consisting of adult females and their young, the bachelor herds consisting only of yearlings and older males, and territorial bulls. One of these is a metallic snort or an echoing "hick", that can be heard up to 1.5 km (1 mi) away. 21:31. [14], The black wildebeest is particularly susceptible to anthrax, and rare and widely scattered outbreaks have been recorded and have proved deadly. It lives in flocks, which usually counts 10-60 individuals. Now, they are economically important for human beings, as they are a major tourist attraction, as well as providing animal products such as leather and meat. Females first come into estrus and breed as yearlings or as 2-year-olds. [1] The herds are often migratory or nomadic, otherwise they may have regular home ranges of 1 km2 (11,000,000 sq ft). [2] The black wildebeest was first discovered in the northern part of South Africa in the 1800s. [17] It shows well-developed orientation behaviour towards solar radiation, which helps it thrive in hot, and often shadeless, habitats. Blue Wildebeest: Male. ... Carcass weight is: less skin, less 'derms', and less hooves and head Page 1 of 4 1 2 3... Last. On its muzzle and under its jaw it has black bristly hair. [2], The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). Black wildebeests can run at speeds of 80 km/h (50 mph). Buffalo are at 50% slaughter weight, because when you gut them and you get rid of all that extra crankiness they carry around. The estimated price for wildebeest meat was about US$0.47 per 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) around 2008. The black wildebeest or white-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) is one of the two closely related wildebeest species. [4] The specific name gnou originates from the Khoikhoi name for these animals, gnou. [31] The herds graze either in line or in loose groups, usually walking in single file when moving about. [31] In most reserves, the black wildebeest shares its habitat with the blesbok and the springbok. When one of his females comes into estrus, the male concentrates on her and mates with her several times. A MATURE BLACK WILDEBEEST HAS AN AVERAGE: SHOULDER HEIGHT: OF 47 INCHES WEIGHT: OF 350 POUNDS HORN LENGTH: OF 20 INCHES SCI MINIMUM SCORE IS 72 (Length of both horns + circumference of bases). The population is now trending upward (particularly on private land) and for this reason the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in its Red List of Threatened Species, rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". Its introduction into Namibia has been a success and numbers have increased substantially there from 150 in 1982 to 7,000 in 1992. A peak in the content of all these haemological parameters occurs at the age of 2-3 months, after which the readings gradually decline, reaching their lowest values in the oldest individuals. During cool weather, they lay down to rest, but in hotter conditions they rested while standing up. Male black wildebeest had a heavier live weight (141.4 ± 5.92kg), and heavier warm and cold carcass weight (89.8 ± 1.91 kg and 85.8 ± 1.99 kg), when compared to the live weight (117.4 ± 4.23kg) and warm and cold carcass weight (71.0 ± 2.67kg and 68.6 ± 2.79 kg) recorded for female animals. Males stand about 111–121 cm (44–48 in) at the shoulder, while the height of the females is 106–116 cm (42–46 in). Wildebeest are killed for food, especially to make biltongin Southern Africa. Origin: Africa Horn Size: Up to 31 inches Weight: 243-400 pounds Estimated World Population: 18,000 The Black Wildebeest may not be the prettiest, but it is one of … A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. If you're hunting black wildebeest in the bushveld, opt for a larger caliber, such as a 9.3mm or even a .375. A study of these hybrid animals at Spioenkop Dam Nature Reserve in South Africa revealed that many had disadvantageous abnormalities relating to their teeth, horns, and the wormian bones in the skull. [14], Both sexes have strong horns that curve forward, resembling hooks, which are up to 78 cm (31 in) long. [2] The generic name Connochaetes derives from the Greek words κόννος, kónnos, "beard", and χαίτη, khaítē, "flowing hair", "mane". It is fed by its lactating mother for 6-8 months, begins nibbling on grass blades at 4 weeks, and remains with the mother until her next calf is born a year later. Shrubs can comprise as much as 37% of the diet,[15] but grasses normally form more than 90%. Wildebeest benefit the ecosystem by increasing soil fertility with their excreta. Calves are born with shaggy, fawn-coloured fur. I wont shoot 2 blesboks instead of BWB. [2] The first study of the protozoa in blue and black wildebeest showed the presence of 23 protozoan species in the rumen, with Diplodinium bubalidis and Ostracodinium damaliscus common in all the animals. A better choice would be a .300 magnum or 7mm mag with premium heavy-for-caliber bullets. [2], Mature bulls, generally more than 4 years old, set up their own territories through which female herds often pass. [8] The earliest known fossil remains are in sedimentary rock in Cornelia in the Orange Free State and date back about 800,000 years.
2020 carcass weight of black wildebeest