Enterprise Architecture (EA) is the process of translating your business strategy into enterprise change by identifying, communicating, ... using the EA models to explain the business, assess the impact of business changes, and ensure that long-range systems plans complement the business plans. Submit your e-mail address below. If you are already in an architecture role, or just starting out on a career as an architect, then this course will show you the most effective ways to talk about Enterprise Architecture with your stakeholders and sponsors. (i)a strategic information asset base, which defines the mission; As with any complex topic it is best explained with pictures. Softw., vol. It includes those organizations' complete socio-technical systems,[5] including people, information, processes, and technologies. (4)“enterprise architecture”— 6, pp. Discussions of the intersection of enterprise architecture and various IT practices have been published by various IT analysis firms. Typically, architecture proposals and decisions encompass all the aspects of the enterprise. According to FEAPO: An Enterprise Architecture practice collaborates with many interconnected disciplines, including performance engineering and management, process engineering and management, IT and enterprise portfolio management, governance and compliance, IT strategic planning, risk analysis, information management, metadata management, and a wide variety of technical disciplines as well as organizational disciplines such as organizational development, transformation, innovation, and learning. High-level programmers will use enterprise architecture when referring to the hardware and software components in a design. In practice, an architectural description contains a variety of lists, tables, and diagrams. Enterprise architecture, in a business context, may have organizations distinguish their enterprise architecture from the technical architecture required to build and run applications. Guidance is normally based on an organization's business requirements. Consequently, a great deal of emphasis is put on improving the capabilities of the enterprise to improve itself, to, innovations in the structure or processes of an organization, innovations in the use of information systems or technologies. For Sparx Systems Enterprise Architect, see. Enterprise Architecture By Kian, Ting 2. Leslie Owens, Forrester Blogs – Who Owns Information Architecture? Mr. Gaver concluded that the federal enterprise architecture program had mostly failed; this conclusion was corroborated by a similar one made by the federal government at an October 2010 meeting that was held to determine why the federal enterprise architecture program was not "as influential and successful as in the past. (ii)the information necessary to perform the mission; We'll send you an email containing your password. Other common goals include promoting team alignment and standardization. Federal Government agency success stories, (2010). Possible advantages of having an enterprise architecture include: Several third-party vendors and tools sell enterprise architecture products, as well as some certifications that center around certain skills. Avoid lock-in to proprietary solutions b… (2009). The Enterprise Architecture practice has been there for decades but in last few years it is regaining popularity as it is one of the key initiatives driven by CxOs. IT value – Enterprise architecture helps reduce the system's implementation and operational costs, and minimize replication of IT infrastructure services across business units. However, government agencies have begun to publish architectural descriptions they have developed. Enterprise Architects do the same thing for technology. Do Not Sell My Personal Info. A methodology in brief. The intent of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can effectively achieve its current and future objectives. The Enterprise Architecture Research Forum defines EA as the continuous practice of describing the important elements of a socio-technical organization, how they are related to each other and the environment to understand complexity and manage change. Enterprise Architecture for Grandmothers How I would explain EA to my grandmother: A Enterprise Architect is like a city planner. Making sure immunization records are digitized and easy to access ... Stay on top of the latest news, analysis and expert advice from this year's re:Invent conference. Architecture Process Generic architecture process based on TOGAF 9 Architecture Vision Set the scope, constraints and expectations for a … Companies such as Independence Blue Cross, Intel, Volkswagen AG[22] and InterContinental Hotels Group use enterprise architecture to improve their business architectures as well as to improve business performance and productivity. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes."[1]. Shared iPad, previously exclusive to education, brings multi-user concepts to enterprise iPad use cases, and Apple admins should ... Colocation is not a silver-bullet solution for everyone. To manage the scale and complexity of this system, an architectural framework provides tools and approaches that help architects abstract from the level of detail at which builders work, to bring enterprise design tasks into focus and produce valuable architecture description documentation. Giachetti, R.E., Design of Enterprise Systems, Theory, Architecture, and Methods, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2010. Enterprise architectures are typically implemented as frameworks. All Of Us., (2010). [44], This article is about the technique/methodology. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) – which is a reference model that was introduced in 1996 for IT effectiveness. Increasingly, many practitioners have stressed the important relationship of Enterprise Architecture with emerging holistic design practices such as design thinking, systems thinking, and user experience design.[1]. Enterprise architecture expands its role in strategic business transformation: Infosys enterprise architecture survey 2008/2009. Enterprise architecture helps businesses going through digital transformation, since EA focuses on bringing both legacy applications and processes together in an attempt to form a seamless environment. [36] [31][32], The following table lists some notable enterprise architecture tools listed by Gartner and Forrester Research in their 2013, 2014, 2017 and 2018 reports. Examples include: According to the Federation of EA Professional Organizations (FEAPO), enterprise architecture interacts with a wide array of other disciplines commonly found in business settings. TOGAF 9 enterprise architecture survey results. including the linking between strategy formulation and execution. Despite the benefits that enterprise architecture claims to provide, for more than a decade, writers and organizations raised concerns about enterprise architecture as an effective practice. Explain 5 values associated with the establishment of an EA program in an enterprise. 285-286. ARIS Expert Paper (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, continuity of complex business operations, Enterprise Architecture Body of Knowledge, Treasury Enterprise Architecture Framework, Architecture of Integrated Information Systems, Architecture of Interoperable Information Systems, Enterprise Architecture Service Life Cycle - SOMF, Federation of EA Professional Organizations, Common Perspectives on Enterprise Architecture, Gartner IT Glossary – Enterprise Architecture (EA), International Institute of Business Analysis, "ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010:2011 - Systems and software engineering - Architecture description", "SOA Governance Through Enterprise Architecture", Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools, 2013, Forrester Wave EA Management Suites, Q2 2013, Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools, 2014, Gartner Magic Quadrant for Enterprise Architecture Tools, 2018, Forrester Wave Enterprise Architecture Management Suites, Q2 2017, Gartner Enterprise Architecture Summit: Architecting the Agile Organization, 26 – 27 September 2007. In a business organization structure today, the enterprise architecture team performs an ongoing business function that helps business and IT managers to figure out the best strategies to support and enable business development and business change – in relation to the business information systems that the business depends on. Overview, Fixing Enterprise Architecture: Balancing the Forces of Change in the Modern Organization, Measuring Enterprise Architecture Effectiveness: A Focus on Key Performance Indicators, Gunther, W 2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Enterprise_architecture&oldid=986672199, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles needing additional references from June 2016, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Planview Enterprise One - Capability & Technology Management. These practices utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and ac… The business perspective defines the processes and standards by which the business operates on a day-to-day basis. He needs support from IT to do his job, so they cater to his wishes. In the case of Enterprise Architecture, these models describe the logical business functions or capabilities, business processes, human roles and actors, the physical organization structure, data flows and data stores, business applications and platform applications, hardware, and communications infrastructure. Paramount to changing the enterprise architecture is the identification of a sponsor. • A real success story and the whole point of the EA practise. Explain 5 reasons why you need an Enterprise Architecture 2. For example, a framework focused on consistency and relationships between various parts of an overarching enterprise will be more helpful to larger organizations with many moving parts compared to small ones. Architectural description of an enterprise. Quality elements are not functional requirements, but are ways to determine acceptable operating conditions and necessary tradeoffs to get there. These correspond to the complete organization, a single line of business, and a solution. Nilsson, "Management of technochange in an interorganizational E-government project," in Proceedings of the 41st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2008, pp. There are a couple ways to connect the disparate pieces of a multi-cloud architecture. Discover the benefits and drawbacks that come with allowing a ... Finding the right server operating temperature can be tricky. Enterprise Architect has support for modeling both strategic and tactical drivers with the use of a stereotyped driver element that can be linked to goals and other organizational elements to show how the organization must respond. Enterprise architecture (EA) practice implies developing and using specific EA documents (artifacts) to facilitate information systems planning. Volume 48, Issue 4. The intent of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can effectively achieve its current and future objectives. (B)includes— An enterprise architect (EA) is an enterprise architecture specialist that works closely with stakeholders, including management and subject matter experts (SME), to develop a view of an organization's strategy, information, processes and IT assets. It's an easy concept to define, but more difficult to implement effectively. It also indicates context. US Code 44, Section 3601 Definition of Enterprise Architecture: (. Popular EA books, and frameworks, e.g. Therefore, Enterprise Architecture is a set of components (covering who, what, where, when, why and how), relationships between them, and operating principles for a complete organization, a line of business, or a solution from several viewpoints. For example, programmers and other technical IT professionals regard enterprise architecture strategies in terms of the infrastructure, application and management components under they have control over. This definition is not incorrect, but not quite perfect. [33][34] The second step is about promoting and manage services or products. This enterprise architecture needs to take into account (as seen in the figure) the existing embedded base of IT assets, the existing enterprise architecture, the existing enterprise architecture standards, the firm's principles and practices, the desired business strategy, and the available frameworks/tools to develop a new enterprise architecture or modify the existing one. DOI: S. Roeleven, Sven and J. Broer (2010). Enterprise architecture will help multiple departments in a business understand the broader business model and articulate challenges and business risks. The individual models in an EA are arranged in a logical manner that provides an ever-increasing level of detail about the enterprise. For various understandable reasons, commercial organizations rarely publish substantial enterprise architecture descriptions. These are models known as views. [citation needed]. (iv)the transitional processes for implementing new technologies in response to changing mission needs; and Then there are viewpoints. The application perspective defines the interactions among the processes and standards used by the organization. Two commonly used models for enterprise architecture are Zachman and … W. Engelsman, M. E. Iacob and H. M. Franken, "Architecture-driven requirements engineering," in Proceedings of the 2009 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing(SAC '09), Honolulu, Hawaii, 2009, pp. 3. Concepts of enterprise architecture are variable, so it will not look the same for each organization. It was designed for the U.S. government, but can be used in private companies as well. Enterprise Architecture Book of Knowledge, Planning an EA - Purpose. Provide 5 ways to mitigate risk associa Sadly, OMB, GSA, agencies and CIOs just couldn’t resist the temptation to over-prescribe compliance and pushing tasks that over-focused on technology and infrastructure which completely missed the point.” Paul Brubaker, https://federalnewsnetwork.com/reporters-notebook-jason-miller/2019/02/dont-exempt-dod-from-the-clinger-cohen-act-modernize-federal-it-management-instead/, The Enterprise Architecture Body of Knowledge defines enterprise architecture as a practice, which, analyzes areas of common activity within or between organizations, where information and other resources are exchanged to guide future states from an integrated viewpoint of strategy, business, and technology.[2]. At least 8 things challenges and business alignment at least 8 things based on the for... 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Rights Reserved, Copyright 2007 - 2020, TechTarget Privacy Policy Cookie Preferences do not Sell my Personal.... It comes to any one organization one of the future state architecture. `` [ 27 ] the Consortium! Be wrong and how FEA practice guidance in 2007, adopted by togaf and FEAF and implicit in DODAF there... Architecture can be regarded as three things: a enterprise Architect is like a city sets... Ea differently explain enterprise architecture Sales to IT architecture-related work software is driven by business and! Future state architecture. `` [ 3 ] right tool for supporting enterprise architecture in case! In enterprise architecture will help define this to his wishes of organization design and performance improvement – which a... Whole point of the enterprise campus module, enterprise architecture is another example of one EA tool ]... Level enterprise architecture ( FEA ) reference model guides federal agencies in the following areas: 9. 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