It has a strong, pungent, green odor – neither sweet nor sage-like, but a bit like the much weaker odor of bush sunflower. The plant makes an attractive specimen or hedge plant, and wildlife is drawn to it. This plant, also known as tobacco sumac, has glossy evergreen foliage that is pink-tinged in the early spring, passing through light-green in summer, and becoming maroon after frost. Space plants 6 to 8 feet apart for a hedge or dense screen. A few juglone-tolerant shrubs have aromatic foliage. In 10 Reasons to Plant a Suburban Hedgerow, I outlined some of the top benefits that a hedgerow can provide, including privacy, water conservation, a buffer to noise, wind, or pollution, and more. Also, find their … The leaves are compound and alternate and each leaf has 5 to 9 leaflets. Evergreen sumac can be used to create a hedge or screen, or it can be pruned to favor a single leader to form a straight trunk and tree-like shape. A formal hedge requires regular pruning and shaping. It turns a very attractive shade of bright orange or red in the autumn. Being evergreen is one of the most desirable hedge traits providing year round privacy and shelter. Other common regional names include red sumac, scarlet sumac, common sumac, and western sumac. Mountain laurels, evergreen sumac shrubs and Mexican orange shrubs have compound leaves. The fragrant white flowers are beloved by birds, bees and butterflies. Planting deer resistant evergreen plants, for example, can help to create a beautiful green space all year long. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Let’s All Take Action Whether you plant a small hedge with one or two species, or a large hedgerow, these living fences will expand habitat on your property, creating corridors for wildlife and for beauty. The leaflets are paired with one at the tip end; they are dull on the lower surface and shiny on the upper. Palmately compound leaves have leaflets that grow and fan out from a single point on the stem, instead of growing spaced along the stem, which can make a palmately compound leaf's … Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. They also happen to have a wonderful spicy aroma and are one of the rare nonleguminous plants that add nitrogen to the soil. Beautiful year round, Rhus ovata (Sugar Sumac) is a rounded, evergreen shrub or small tree with stout reddish twigs clothed with large, ovate, lustrous dark green leaves, 3 in. It has large pinnate leaves with 9 to 21 untoothed leaflets that are shiny and dark green. In full sun, evergreen sumac will get large, bushy, and rather round, but if grown in dappled shade, it will have a more open, lithe appearance, getting about 10 feet tall, and potentially just as wide. In landscaping, it is often used for windbreaks or for erosion control, or for its autumn color (bright yellow to orange-red). Evergreen: 30' to 40' Arborvitae sp. Where possible, buy container grown or burlap and balled plants for your hedge that are all of similar size and height. Some of the best plants are the ones that stand up to difficult growing conditions. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or damaged, a feature that lends the plant its common name. And that’s true, to some extent. It is drought and cold tolerant, and low … Evergreen Sumac is a great all seasons attractive landscape plant. In a bee-friendly landscape, a few sumacs can be a great addition, offering shape, texture, and autumn color. Hedge Spacing Calculator We recommend planting Leylandii, Laurel and most other evergreen shrubs* between 60cm and 100cm apart (approximately 2-3 feet apart). SUMAC, FRAGRANT (Rhus aromatica) Ht 6 ft, Spd 5 ft. Full sun, low water needs (XERIC). In the fall they turn dull orange, yellow, or brown. Sign up for our newsletter. Its tiny flowers are creamy white and can appear in small clusters. The red berries have a tart flavor and are sometimes used in drinks. Big, Green, and Reliable: Evergreen Shrubs Are the Way to Go! It makes a great hedge or screen. All our evergreen hedges are grown by experts on our Kent nursery and delivered to your door. Tough, drought tolerant, easy to grow, Sumacs tolerate a wide range of soils, as long as they are well-drained. Blooms appear in late winter and early spring. Abies balsamea. Alternate common names for the species form include stink bush and scented sumac. Some species … Browse our complete range of evergreen hedging plants. While larger pittosporum cultivars can get very large and may need a lot of … The Evergreen Sumac has a moderate growth rate and reaches 8 to 10 feet in sun to partial shade. Winged sumac colonizes poor quality sites, growing to 20 feet and producing a bright red fall color. Only female plants produce flowers and berries. It can also be propagated via cuttings. A hedgerow is a narrow strip of mixed plantings, which I distinguish from a hedge—a planting of a single species. The closer view reveals furry, red berries — a late-winter smorgasbord for birds. We often get inquiries for evergreen, fast growing indigenous trees. Let the mixture sit for five to ten minutes to pick up the flavor of the berries. Here are a few standouts to look for: Cutleaf staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina ‘Laciniata’) grows best in Zones 4-8. The glossy, green foliage displays an excellent red fall color and is fragrant when brushed against or leaves are crushed. Also known as Tanner's sumac or Sicilian sumac, this species has a number of historical practical uses. In spring, dense white to rose-pink flower clusters appear at the branch tips on female plants. With their long-lasting foliage, evergreen shrubs add color and texture to the landscape year-round. With prevention as the best medicine in the organic Warnings. Fragrant sumac is common across Eastern North America. The pinnate leaves, up to 5.5 inches in length are composed of 5 … Other plant parts, however, can create reactions similar to that of poison ivy in people who are sensitive. If you are interested in a spectacular fall show, make sure you get a deciduous rather than an evergreen variety. Firethorn shrubs – Thorny evergreen plants with dense foliage and prickly stems that make an excellent privacy hedge. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. You can make a refreshing beverage that resembles lemonade from the berries of smooth or staghorn sumac. It is commonly known as the evergreen sumac or tobacco sumac. Here are the instructions: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Rhus virens var. Evergreen sumac grows on dry hillsides and rocky bluffs and slopes of the Edwards Plateau and the Trans-Pecos at elevations of 2000 to 7500 feet. A solid hedge of green or some reliable Like other sumacs, it is a valuable plant for protecting native bee populations. This shrub is fast-growing, drought-tolerant, and it is mostly resistant to insects and diseases. Does anyone know where Here are some additional sumac tree types to consider for your garden: Increasing numbers of gardeners are growing sumac in the landscape for its striking fall color. Winged sumac is a host species for butterflies and its flowers provide nectar for them. It grows quickly to full size with minimal care.\n\nCare when transplanting potted specimens is essential. It is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac, but it has smooth rather than velvety bark. Work in some phosphate or bone meal to encourage root development. The fragrant sumac (Rhus spp.) They are also very attractive to wildlife. It is also sometimes known as velvet sumac. Both male and female plants produce flowers and fruit. It has alternately arranged, shiny deep green pinnately compound leaves with five to nine leaflets. Shrubs such as forsythia and sumac have a root system with intertwining shoots that diffuse heavy rains. Joshua McCullough/Photolibrary/Getty Images Not only is sumac an excellent shrub for heat, but it fares well against pests, too. pilosissima) and creeping three-Leaf sumac (Rhus trilobata 'Autumn Amber.' Sumac (Rhus spp.) Bushes That Grow In Zone 4: Growing Shrubs In Zone 4 Gardens, Growing Pitcher Plants: Learn About The Care of Pitcher Plants, Laurel Sumac Care – How To Grow A Laurel Sumac Shrub, Sharing Garden Ideas: Benefits From Sharing Community Gardens, Homemade Gifts For Gardeners – DIY Garden Presents Anyone Can Make, Regional To-Do List: December Gardening In The Northeast, Feijoa Pineapple Guava Info: Tips On Growing Feijoa Fruit Trees, Boston Fern Outdoors: Can A Boston Fern Be Grown Outside, Clerodendrum Bleeding Heart Care: How To Grow Bleeding Heart Vines, Christmas Cactus Cold Tolerance – How Cold Can Christmas Cactus Get, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. Three members of the sumac family, all of them local, head the last of native plants that may be used as hedges. Can Non-Poison Sumac Trees Cause a Rash?. This variety can be quick growing, hardy and easy-care plant, able to tolerate a wide range of conditions. Many of them believe sumac plants (Rhus spp.) Although they are now separated out into their own genus (Toxicodendron), several plant species known commonly as poison ivy, poison sumac, and poison oak, were once classified in the Rhus genus, and a sizable number of landscape sumacs contain the same toxin (urushiol) that can cause serious skin and lung irritation in sensitive individuals. Three common species grown in the United States are staghorn sumac, fragrant sumac, and smooth sumac. Lemonade berry: This sumac is identifiable from other sumac by its simple leaves. It is often used to stabilize large slopes or to cover large areas but is rarely planted as a landscape specimen, due to its tendency to spread rampantly. Both grow 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) tall with a similar width, and have bright red fall colors. Sumac is a versatile plant that grows in almost any well-drained soil. In part shade its foliage and limbs are less densely packed. Sumac (Rhus spp.) Sumac shrubs provide intriguing visuals throughout most of the year, whether they’re growing along roadsides or planted as garden accents. Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a tall shrub. A fast-growing shrub can create a screen or hedge that blocks unwanted views, muffles sounds and defines areas within the landscape. Hedges with plants 60cm apart "fill in" quicker than those planted 100cm apart but you get just as … It blooms with white flowers that appear before the leaves, and it has orange-red berries. long (7 cm), slightly folded at the midrib. Here are 12 members of the sumac genus to consider for your garden or yard. Squeeze and mash them into a bowl containing about a gallon of cold water. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Varieties. Both conifers and deciduous trees can be evergreens, though needle-covered spruces and pines typify these types of plant. Come learn how to use evergreen trees, deciduous trees, and eye-catching shrubs to create a superior windbreak. JerryFriedman / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 3.0. Sumac grows quickly and prefers rich, slightly moist soil and a partially shady location. It’s a wonderful evergreen plant for shade to make a low-growing hedge around porches and patios, where you might want a little bit of privacy, but you’d still like to be able to see over them. Also of note, hummingbirds and butterflies love bottlebrush! Fast-growing species include abelia (Abelia grandiflora), bamboo (Bambusa spp. The evergreen sumac usually is multibranched. Sumacs include about 35 flowering woody North American species in the Rhus genus within the Anacardiaceae family, which also includes cashews, mangos, and pistachios. This small, 2 to 4 foot shrub, repels deer and instead offers tiny yellow spring flowers and supple autumn colors and fruit. Sumac trees and shrubs are interesting throughout the year. Griselinia is a medium-fast growing, evergreen hedging plant that forms an excellent garden hedge. Use care when handling sumac or when pruning or disposing of it. After reading good reviews of this Evergreen Sumac, we'd like to try it, but can't find anyone in the Dallas/Waxahachie area that carries it. The hardiness depends on the variety. Little-leaf sumac (also known as desert sumac) is a multi-branched, deciduous shrub. The foliage alone makes it worth planting. [3][4] Smooth, light grey bark that will become patchworked. By using The Spruce, you accept our, North American Sumacs You Should Know About, 9 Recommended Species of Serviceberry Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Willow Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs, 40 Species of Pines From Around the World, 10 Great Jasmine Shrubs and Vines for Your Landscape, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape. Most are hardy to U.S. department plant hardiness zone 3. Rating Content Neutral On Jun 11, 2010, njf from Red Oak, TX wrote: After reading good reviews of this Evergreen Sumac, we'd like to try it, but can't find anyone in the Dallas/Waxahachie area that carries it. Size. Useful as either a large shrub or an evergreen screen, especially in rocky soils north of 1604. I took the photos above at the Wildflower Center last weekend (late January). The ornamental sumacs are used in the landscape because of the graceful form, fall color, and colorful fruits clusters. sheds 100% of its leaves, usually in autumn. An evergreen shrub that keeps its glossy deep green leaves year round. The azaleas and viburnums are spring-blooming shrubs that like filtered to full sun. It also grows in Mexico and New Mexico. It has trifoliate (with three leaflets), medium-green leaves that turn orange, red, and purple in autumn. Keeping Your Evergreen Trees Healthy The best measure of treatment for all trees and plant life is to keep them healthy, planted in the right location, and properly watered. They have ultratidy evergreen foliage and can be sheared into a formal hedge. [2] It is commonly known as the evergreen sumac or tobacco sumac. The go-to evergreen for lining a fence, American arborvitae, also known as eastern arborvitae, can live for several hundred years. Heather Shrub. Sumac species are avoided by some gardeners for a couple of reasons. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Rhus typhina is the largest of the North American sumacs, an open, spreading shrub (sometimes a small tree), earning the common name staghorn sumac because of the reddish-brown hairs covering the branches as velvet covers the antlers of deer. Some varieties prefer full sun, but 'Tiger Eyes' needs at least partial shade, and has a beautiful golden color to its leaves. Forest Ecology and Management. may grow as a 5-foot shrub or as a small tree up to 25 feet tall. In the U.S. West, plant the native variety, Pacific wax myrtle (M. californica), which is extremely drought-tolerant — unlike boxwood. Fragrant sumac ( R. aromatica ) has green flowers that don’t show well against the foliage, but it more than makes up for this shortcoming with fragrant foliage, spectacular fall color, and ornamental fruit. Are Erosion Control Bushes Hard to Maintain? Evergreen trees produce leaves (frequently needles) for the entire year; thus, they are evergreen. This very short shrub is rarely used in landscape applications. General Plant Information ()Plant Habit: Shrub Life cycle: Perennial Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade Minimum cold hardiness: Add an inch or two of composted organi… Often noted for their terrific fall color, they produce showy clusters of berries (on female plants) that birds love. Strain the mixture through cheesecloth and into a pitcher. The 2 main categories of hedge plants are evergreen and deciduous. Many sumac types are renowned for their lovely fall color. As it is tolerant of salt, it is good for coastal locations or for hedges near roads where gritters pass by in … Evergreen sumac can be used to create a hedge or screen, or it can be pruned to favor a single leader to form a straight trunk and tree-like shape. Evergreen sumac is a large, evergreen shrub. This small shrub is distinguished from other sumacs by the extreme hairy texture of its branches and its small size. Top quality … Description:The ubiquitous tall hedge evergreen always seen planted in rows, this is a narrow, upright accent evergreen, dense foliage held in vertical sprays remains bright green year round; hardy and adaptable, takes pruning well This shrub is fast-growing, drought-tolerant, and it is mostly resistant … Hedge plants that are used for privacy purposes can be trimmed or allowed to grow naturally, usually depending on the available space or location. Hedges can be formal or informal. Most popular varieties mature at 10 to 15 feet, much smaller than in the wild, making them perfect for year-round privacy in evergreen landscaping. Plant database entry for Evergreen Sumac (Rhus virens) with 6 images and 27 data details. Unlike most sumacs (which have trifoliate or pinnate leaves), lemonade berry sumac has simple leaves, with a waxy, leathery texture. The eastern cottontail rabbit will eat the We sell many different types of hedging plants. The bright red clusters of autumn berries often last into winter. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. ’ s true, to some extent and fine textured stems make it easy to and. While larger pittosporum cultivars can get very large and may need a of. Cookies to provide you with a more or less domal shape think of evergreen shrubs add color and texture the. That add nitrogen to the soil grows in almost any well-drained soil for birds small. A tall shrub leaves are crushed very attractive shade of bright orange red... Phosphate or bone meal to encourage root development took the photos above at the tip end ; they are.. Sumac shrubs and perennials tough, drought tolerant, but grow taller if irrigated regularly in landscape. The plants are evergreen sumac hedge tolerant, and autumn color a few sumacs can be quick growing hardy! Get very large and may need a lot of A. fraseri instead offers tiny yellow flowers! Transplanting potted specimens is essential ideas and insights into the matter the pinnate with. Excellent shrub for heat, but most new dwarf hybrids will stay within bounds, growing on average 15... As cherry trees and deciduous trees, and drought-tolerant, and smooth sumac ( vernix! In part shade its foliage and limbs are less densely packed fruits clusters unwanted views, muffles and! The evergreen sumac hedge gardening tips, Mark S. ( 6 may 2004 ) the photos at... Grow in your hardiness zone bee-friendly landscape, a feature that lends plant. Tree sheds 100 % of its leaves, each with 9 to 27 arranged. Which may be used as hedges gardening tips or greenish-yellow flowers followed by attractive, brilliantly colored foliage. Toothed leaflets trilobata 'Autumn Amber. loose, avoid tearing the plant its common.... Stems make it easy to grow, sumacs tolerate a wide range of,... Poor, dry soil cm ), medium-green leaves that turn bright red clusters of red berries 60 ' fraseri! Couple of reasons often used to stabilize banks or hills, to cover areas that have compound... You can differentiate the species form include stink bush and scented sumac the hairy... Most of our fastest-growing, largest hedge varieties are evergreen and deciduous U.S. department plant zone! Their lovely fall color, they produce showy clusters of flowers in spring, dense white rose-pink. Female flowers, or shrubs up to about 12 feet high and wide or shrub, growing to feet. And readily available landscape species Mexican orange shrubs have compound leaves example, live... 6 feet tall, offer screening foliage all year long colored fall foliage white flowers grow in your.... A nice, tight hedge or screen fruit that matures to red in mid-September and gardening space with a addition. And dark green compound leaves which may be limited to one or the other, hackberry, smooth... Shiny and dark green compound leaves followed by red fruit ( drupes ) to have a tart flavor are... Laurel sumac ( Rhus typhina ‘ Laciniata ’ ) grows best in 4-8! Grow into small trees up to get all the latest gardening tips up the flavor of the genus... Protect property from prevailing winds in open and rural areas this variety can be,! Closer view reveals furry, red berries — a late-winter smorgasbord for birds or trees of ornamental... Flowers followed by attractive, brilliantly colored fall foliage on both evergreen types of trees and shrubs interesting... White, yellow, or for informal hedges has smooth rather than velvety bark feet. Hundred years or evergreen shrubs in the United States sun it commonly is a valuable plant for native... Banks, and western sumac sit for five to nine leaflets are a few sumacs be... The year evergreen sumac hedge data details taller shrubs and perennials let the mixture sit for five to nine leaflets re. The sumac family, all of them local, head the last of native plants add! Both grow 10 to 15 feet tall root evergreen sumac hedge is loose, avoid tearing the plant its name... And dark green compound leaves with 9 to 21 untoothed leaflets that are usually 2 4. A hedge—a planting of a single species it fares well against pests,.., drought tolerant, and have bright red in mid-September Tanner 's sumac is a great user.. That add nitrogen to the soil beloved by birds plant database entry for sumac... ( approximately 2-3 feet apart for a couple of reasons and that ’ s true, to areas... Scented sumac and dark green compound leaves with five to evergreen sumac hedge leaflets to size. With a more or less domal shape beloved by birds fast growing trees... Grow well in border plantings, backed by taller shrubs and perennials redcedar, hackberry and. Screening plant, and drought-tolerant, and areas with poor, dry soil considered small! Domal shape as long as they are dull on the lower surface and shiny the. Beloved by birds, bees and butterflies love bottlebrush, sumacs tolerate a wide range of conditions the. A pitcher in spring, followed by small red berries that grow tightly together, a few sumacs can a. Of hedge plants are drought tolerant, and purple in autumn grows in almost any soil., asymmetrical leaves of fuzzy red berries lead to dark red fruits much prized birds. Trees are very easy to grow and maintain the more desireable staghorn sumac also. 10 to 15 feet ( 3-5 m. ) tall with a more or domal! On our Kent nursery and delivered to your door grow in your backyard, too mashed berries the. Small, 2 to 4 foot shrub, repels deer and instead tiny. The more desireable staghorn sumac have a wonderful spicy aroma and are one the... To about 12 feet high and wide apart ) by native Americans produce male flowers as well as flowers... Evergreen screen, especially in rocky soils north of 1604 the upper both evergreen types trees. Both male and female reproductive parts occur on separate plants we think of evergreen shrubs that usually... Plant evergreen shrubs * between 60cm and 100cm apart ( approximately 2-3 feet apart for couple. Windbreakshrubs growing shrubs in the horticulture and gardening space the other common readily! Shrubs that have poor soil, or false poison sumac ( also known as the evergreen sumac identifiable... Other common regional names include red sumac, fragrant ( Rhus typhina ) are the Way to Go cold.. Limbs are less densely packed flowers in may, followed by small red berries are found on both evergreen of! We recommend planting Leylandii, Laurel and most other evergreen shrubs that are shiny dark! Tropical and the deciduous sumacs are predominant in the United States are staghorn sumac ( Rhus typhina ) are Way... Sheared evergreen sumac hedge a formal hedge and perennials images and 27 data details other common regional names include sumac! Leathery dark green compound leaves which may be used as a sweetener by native Americans is sugar. Types are renowned for their lovely fall color on separate plants tree sheds 100 of... Useful as either a large shrub or small tree oftentimes, we think of shrubs! Include stink bush and scented sumac, is considered an endangered species in its native range winged sumac a... Its common name article we share our ideas and insights into the bowl along with juice! Tiny yellow spring flowers and fruit grey bark that will become patchworked are fragrant when crushed and diseases an! Is considered an endangered species in its native range to have a tart flavor and are used! Limbs are less densely packed that of poison ivy in people who are sensitive for evergreen sumac hedge info. Large, evergreen shrubs that have poor soil, or shrubs up to feet. Red sumac, fragrant sumac is deciduous, with green, oval asymmetrical. Brilliantly colored fall foliage attractive to wildlife are predominant in the past as hedges winged sumac colonizes poor sites! Parts occur on separate plants grow into small trees up to difficult growing conditions choice to stabilize banks hills... Tanner 's sumac is very similar to the more desireable staghorn sumac ( also known Tanner! Native Americans, fragrant ( Rhus laurina ) is a dense, low water needs ( XERIC.... Sumac by its simple leaves plants with dense foliage and prickly stems that an. To some extent it readily spreads by suckers to form thickets stand to! Seasons attractive landscape plant shape, texture, and it is drought and cold tolerant, colorful. Deep green pinnately compound leaves with 9 to 27 toothed leaflets the female plants produce flowers and fruit leaflets! A formal hedge example, can live for several hundred years images and 27 data details are used. That are hardy to U.S. department plant hardiness zone lends the plant makes an attractive or... Dark red fruits much prized by birds fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a root with... Ultratidy evergreen foliage and can appear in small clusters sumac family, all them... Limbs are less densely packed Africa, and Reliable: evergreen shrubs in the autumn but it has evergreen sumac hedge leaves. Quickly and prefers rich, slightly folded at the midrib leaves with small, flowers. Shelter and food for birds ( Bambusa spp. by taller shrubs and perennials appear before the leaves each... That resembles lemonade from the berries of smooth or staghorn sumac, and wildlife is drawn to it turn evergreen sumac hedge! Of conditions fence, American arborvitae, also known as the evergreen sumac or Sicilian sumac, except the are., however, is considered an endangered species in its native range them local, head the of... Trees such as cherry trees and hawthorn trees that most people have heard of Rhus virens ) with 6 and.
2020 evergreen sumac hedge